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Full text of "The Fate Of Man In The Modern World"

NEW FORCES IN THE WORLD'S LIFE       103

plishment of its imperialistic will, demands power
and authority.    Since Nationalism can be realized
only in the state, it strives to take the state into
its own hands.   Without capturing the state,
Nationalism remains merely an emotional con-
dition.   Modern Nationalism has more connec-
tion with the state than with culture.   In fact
modern Nationalism lays small store by culture,
often  even  turning  away  from  the  national
cultural tradition.   Hitlerism is especially untrue
to the best traditions of German culture;  it is
not at all interested in having the German people
remain  a nation  of philosophers  and  poets.
But free science and deep respect for learning
is the tradition of German culture, now com-
pletely rejected by the German Nationalism of
to-day.   To-day's Nationalism is inspired not by
the will to truth, but by the will to power.
** Down with truth, down with justice, if only
we can be powerful!" seems to be modern
Germany's slogan.   This attitude needs a power-
ful state for its instrument.

The same was true of the old Russian National-
ism. It was never interested in Russian culture,
but only in the might of the state. Its heroes
were generals, ministers and governors, rather
than poets, artists, philosophers, scientists, re-
formers or prophets. The Nationalism of post-
war Russia exhibits the same traits: there is the